Many young people watch baseball and become enthusiastic to become a part of an organized group of players. Usually, young players, unfamiliar with the rules of the game, decide to join a trainer to start playing the game. Quite often, even the trainer overlooks the need to educate the players on the rules of the game.
Here are the basic rules for beginners that they should learn when the season lasts:
Keep it simple for the youngsters and display the baseball rules with the batting order of the team, at the dugout. The umpire can declare a player out if the batter did not follow the batting order. While batting or running the base, a player has to keep his helmet on. For his first offense, the umpire issues a warning to the player and can declare him out, if he commits a second offense.
The strike zone is just about the width of the home plate (or a little wider), with height considered from the level of the knees, up to the shoulders of the batter. The batter needs to watch the strike zone. On hitting the baseball, it is imperative for the batter to run fast to reach first base. If the pitched ball lands within the strike zone, but the batter avoids swinging, the umpire will call a "strike."
A Batter gets 3 strikes, and is out under the following conditions:
1) A fielder catches the ball before it touches the ground.
2) A fielder throws the ball to the first-baseman, who touches the base with his foot, since the ball is in his hand or glove.
3) A player of the fielding team tags the batter directly with the ball, or with the glove holding the ball, before he safely reaches first base.
4) Any player from the fielding team tags the batter directly with the ball or the glove holding the ball when the batter is en route to second base, third base, or home.
There are many rules for running from one base to another. A runner is essentially required to touch each base while going about the infield and can score a run only on touching the first, second and third base, and then reaching the home plate, in that sequence. While rounding the base, a base runner is not allowed to bypass a fellow runner in his front. Further, he cannot run beyond three feet from his baseline if he wants to stay away from being tagged out, except when avoiding interference with some fielder. The runners need to practice sliding as per rules, in a safe and proper way.
For declaring a runner tag out, the fielder has to make contact with the runner, directly with the ball, or his glove, while he is holding the ball in the same hand. In case, the fielder touches the runner with his glove, with the ball held in the other hand, it is not out. The pitcher needs to make sure to have his one foot on the rubber, and must briefly come to a complete halt during his windup. Further, a pitcher, while in the pitching circle, cannot put any of his hands on his mouth, without prior approval of the umpire.
All players must know the baseball rules to perfection. League players are not allowed to argue strikes or balls, with the umpire. The players must respect the umpire's decision and value trainer's opinions. The umpires have the right to disqualify a player or coach on having good reasons.